Study by a top American hospital, Cleveland Clinic, Shows Use of Technology Can Help Ensure Safe and Effective Access to Non-Prescription Statins
While statins reduce cardiovascular diseases, only about one-half of eligible patients receive treatment. Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death globally.
Tuesday, September 6, 2021, CLEVELAND, Ohio:In an effort to make cholesterol-lowering medications available without a prescription, researchers at a top American hospital,Cleveland Clinic, found that a novel web-based application is nearly as accurate as a clinician’s assessment in determining who qualifies for statin use.The study was published this week in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
According to the World Health Organization, cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death globally, with an estimated 17.9 million people dying in 2019. Cardiovascular disease includes hypertension, coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke and/or congenital heart defects. More than 17 million people with cardiovascular disease have coronary heart disease, which is a build-up of fatty plaques in the arteries supplying the heart muscles. The problem is particularly acute for minorities. According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of Minority Health, for example, African Americans are 30 percent more likely to die from heart disease than Caucasians, yet statin use is significantly lower.
Statin medications are first-line drugs for the prevention of cardiovascular disease that work by lowering cholesterol levels in the blood. Statins have been shown in many studies to reduce the risk of stroke, heart attack and death when administered to the right patients, both with a history of cardiovascular disease and without.
“Despite scientific evidence showing that statins can prevent a first heart attack or stroke, access remains a critical barrier, with only about one-half of eligible patients receiving treatment, highlighting the need to make these drugs more widely available,”said Steven Nissen, M.D., Chief Academic Officer of the Heart, Vascular and Thoracic Institute at Cleveland Clinic, and the study’s lead author.
Previous attempts to create nonprescription statins have failed, mostlyby failing to demonstrate that consumers who shouldnot take statins would not have access to over-the-counter treatment. In this study, a total of 500 participants, 83 with limited literacy, completed an at-home web-based application to assess appropriateness for treatment with 5 milligrams of rosuvastatin. The web application is programmed for 1 of 3 treatment outcomes: “Ok to use,” “not right for you,” or “ask a doctor.”
Subsequently, participants visited a research site where clinicians, blinded to the information the participant entered, performed an independent assessment. Results showed that participant selection for statin therapy was the same as the clinician selection in 481 (96.2%) of 500 participants. 23 were deemed appropriate and 458 were deemed inappropriate for treatment.
“This study was successful in making certain that the wrong people would not get these drugs, and is an encouraging step forward in the pursuit of a non-prescription statin,” said Nissen.
About Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland Clinic – now in its centennial year – is a nonprofit multispecialty academic medical center that integrates clinical and hospital care with research and education. Located in Cleveland, Ohio, it was founded in 1921 by four renowned physicians with a vision of providing outstanding patient care based upon the principles of cooperation, compassion and innovation. Cleveland Clinic has pioneered many medical breakthroughs, including coronary artery bypass surgery and the first face transplant in the United States. U.S. News & World Report consistently names Cleveland Clinic as one of the nation’s best hospitals in its annual “America’s Best Hospitals” survey. Among Cleveland Clinic’s 70,800 employees worldwide are more than 4,660 salaried physicians and researchers, and 18,500 registered nurses and advanced practice providers, representing 140 medical specialties and subspecialties. Cleveland Clinic is a 6,500-bed health system that includes a 173-acre main campus near downtown Cleveland, 19 hospitals, more than 220 outpatient facilities, and locations in southeast Florida; Las Vegas, Nevada; Toronto, Canada; Abu Dhabi, UAE; and London, England. In 2020, there were 8.7 million total outpatient visits, 273,000 hospital admissions and observations, and 217,000surgical cases throughout Cleveland Clinic’s health system. Patients came for treatment from every state and 185 countries. Visit us at clevelandclinic.org. Follow us at twitter.com/ClevelandClinic.